You are here

8–12 Yaş Grubu Erkek Çocuklarda 3 Aylık Futbol Antrenmanının Mineral Metabolizması Üzerine Etkisi

The Effect of a 3-Month Football Training Program on the Mineral Metabolism of Boys in the 8–12 Age Group

Journal Name:

Publication Year:

Keywords (Original Language):

Abstract (2. Language): 
This study was conducted to show how a 3-month football training program affected some minerals in the serum in male children between 8 and 12 years of age. The study registered 8 boys whose mean age was 10.89±0.70 years, mean height was 140.89±3.61 cm and mean weight was 33.44±2.58 kg. The subjects were regularly trained in the accompaniment of coaches for 3 months (4-5 days a week). Football technique and tactic training sessions were of medium intensity, endurance training was of 60-70% intensity, while strength and speed training sessions were of 80-90% intensity. Blood samples of 5 ml each were taken into plain tubes from the subjects twice, once at the beginning of the study and once at the end of the 3-month training sessions, after 12 hours of nocturnal fasting. Serum Sodium (Na), Potassium (K), Calcium (Ca), Magnesium (Mg) and Phosphorus (P) levels were measured in Backman LX-20 autoanalyzer using Backman Coulter test kits. The levels of Na, K, Ca, Mg and P did not differ significantly before and after the study. Results of the present study demonstrate that 3- month football training does not have a significant effect on the concerned parameters in boys in the 8-12 age group.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu çalışma 8-12 yaş grubu çocuklarda 3 aylık futbol antrenmanının serumdaki bazı mineralleri nasıl etkilediğinin ortaya konulabilmesi amacıyla gerçekleştirildi. Yaş ortalaması 10.89±0.70 yıl, boy ortalaması 140.89±3.61 cm, ağırlık ortalaması 33.44±2.58 kg olan 8 erkek çocuk çalışmaya alındı. Deneklere 3 ay boyunca antrenörler eşliğinde düzenli antrenman (haftada 4-5 gün) yaptırıldı. Futbol teknik-taktik antrenmanları orta şiddette %60–70, dayanıklılık, kuvvet ve sürat antrenmanları %80–90 yoğunlukta uygulandı. Çalışmaya katılan deneklerden hem çalışmanın başlangıcında, hem de 3 aylık antrenmanların bitiminde 12 saatlik gece açlığı sonrası 5 ml kan örnekleri düz tüplere alındı. Serum Sodyum (Na), Potasyum (K), Kalsiyum (Ca), Magnezyum (Mg) ve Fosfor (P) düzeyleri Backman Coulter test kitleri kullanılarak, Backman LX-20 otoanalizöründe ölçüldü. Deneklerin çalışma öncesi ve sonrası ölçülen Na, K, Ca, Mg ve P düzeyleri arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir farklılık tespit edilmedi (p>0,05). Mevcut çalışmanın sonuçları 8-12 yaş grubu erkek çocuklarda 3 aylık futbol antrenmanının bahsedilen parametreler üzerinde önemli bir etkisinin olmadığını göstermektedir.



1. World Health Organization. Obesity: Preventing and
managing the global epidemic. Report 894. Geneva: World
Health Organization, 2000.
2. Seidell JC. Obesity: a growing problem. Acta Pediatr,
1999; 428(Suppl.): 46-50.
3. Cavadini C, Decarli B, Grin J, Narring F, Michaud PA.
Food habits and sport activity during adolescence:
differences between athletic and non-athletic teenagers
in Switzerland. Eur J Clin Nutr, 2000; 54(Suppl. 1): S16-
4. Petrie HJ, Stover EA, Horswill CA. Nutritional Concerns
for the Child and Adolescent Competitor. Nutrition,
2004; 20(7-8): 620-631.
5. Speich M, Pineau A, Ballereau F. Minerals, trace elements
and related biological variables in athletes and during
physical activity. Clinical Chimica Acta, 2001; 312: 1–11.
6. Maughan R, et al. Nutrition and the young athlete.
Medicina Sportiva, 2000; 4:E51–58.
7. Williams MH. Dietary supplements and sports
performance: minerals. J Int Soc Sports Nutr, 2005; 2(1):
8. Gürsoy R, Dane Ş. Beslenme ve B esinsel ergojenikler II:
vitaminler ve mineraller. Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri
Dergisi, 2002; 4(1): 2002.
9. Alderton P. The Vitamin, Mineral, Connection. Loiusville,
Books World, 1985.
10. Beger H. Vitamins and minerals in pregnancy and location.
New York: Raven Pres, 1989.
11. Ron J. Maughan, role of micronutrients in sport and
physical activity. British Medical Bulletin, 1999; 55: 683-
12. Rucker RB, Suttie JW, McCormick DB, Machlin LJ.
Handbook of vitamins, 3rd edition. New York: Marcel
Dekker Inc., 2001.
13. Huskisson E, Maggini S, Ruf M. The influence of
micronutrients on cognitive function and performance.
J Int Med Res; 2007; 35: 1 – 19.
14. Manore MM. Chronic dieting in active women: what are
the health consequences? Women’s Health Issues, 1996; 6:
332 – 341.
15. Lukaski HC. Vitamin and mineral status: Effects on
physical performance. Nutrition, 2004; 20: 632-644.
16. Institute of Medicine, Food and Nutrition Board.
Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorous,
Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride. Washington, DC:
National Academies Pres, 1997.
17. Watts DL. The nutritional relationships of magnesium.
Journal of Orthomolecular Medicine, 1988; 3(4).
18. Olha AE, Klissouras V, Sullivan JD, Skoryna SC. Effect
of exercise on concentration of elements in the serum.
J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 1982; 22: 414–425.
19. Rose LI, Caroll DR, Lowe SL, Peterson EW, Cooper,
KH. Serum electrolyte changes after marathon
running. J Appl Physiol, 1970; 29: 449–551.
20. Lukaski HC, Nielsen FH. Dietary magnesium depletion
affects metabolic response during submaximal exercise
in postmenopausal women. J Nutr; 2002; 132: 930 –
21. Lukaski HC. Magnesium, zinc, and chromium nutriture
and physical activity. Am J Clin Nutr; 2000; 72(suppl):
585 – 593.
22. Fogelholm M, Laasko J, Lehno J, Ruokonen I. Dietary
intake and indicators of magnesium and zinc status in
male athletes. Nutr Res, 1991; 11: 1111–8.
23. Leal L, Soria G, Roda L, Villanueva J, Guerra M,
Escanero JF. Urea and ammonia levels in serum after a
cycloergometric test in athletes on Mgsupplementation.
Magnes Res, 2004; 17: 232.
24. American Dietetic Association. Position of the
american dietetic association and dietitians of canada:
vegetarian diets. J Am Diet Assoc, 2003; 103: 748-765.
25. Nickols-Richardson SM, Beiseigel JM, Gwazdauskas
FC. Eating restraint is negatively associated with
biomarkers of bone turnover but not measurements of
bone mineral density in young women. J Am Diet
Assoc, 2006; 106: 1095-1101.
26. International Olympic Committee Position Stand:
Female athlete triad. IOC Medical Commission
Working Group Women in Sport. International
Olympic Committee Web site.
pdf/en_report_917.pdf. Accessed January 5, 2009.
27. Nattiv A, Loucks AB, Manore MM, Sanborn CF,
Sundgot-Borgen J, Warren MP. American College of
Sports Medicine position stand. The female athlete
triad. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2007; 39, 1867-1882.
28. Position of the American Dietetic Association,
Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of
Sports Medicine: Nutrition and Athletic Performance.
Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 2009; 109(3).
29. Heather J, Petrie MS, Elizabeth A, Stover MS, Craig A.
Horswill. Nutritional Concerns for the Child and
Adolescent Competitor. Nutrition, 2004; 20(7-8).
30. Clarkson, PM, Haymes EM. Exercise and mineral
status of athletes: calcium, magnesium, phosphorus
and iron. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1995; 27: 831.
31. Rowland TW. Iron deficiency in the adolescent athlete. In:
Bar-Or B, ed. The child and adolescent athlete.
Oxford: Blackwell Science, 1996.
32. Bell NH, Godsen RN, Henry DP, Shary J, Epstein S.
The effects of muscle-building exercise on vitamin d
and mineral metabolism. Journal of bone and mineral
research, 1988; 3(4).
33. Anderson RA, Plansky MM, Bryden NA. Strenuous
running: acute effects on chromium, copper, zinc and
selected clinical variables in urine and serum of male
runners. Biol Trace Elem Res, 1984; 6: 327–336.
34. Clarkson PM. Exercise and mineral status of athletes:
calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, and iron. Medicine &
Science in Sports and Exercise, 1985; 27(6): 795-948.
35. Kenney W. Dietary water and sodium requirements for
active adults. Gatorade Sports Science Institute Web
articleid_667. Accessed June 20, 2008.
36. Bergeron MF. Heat cramps: Fluid and electrolyte
challenges during tennis in the heat. J Sci Med Sport,
2003; 6: 19-27.
37. Palmer MS, Spriet L. Sweat rate, salt loss, and fluid
intake during an intense on-ice practice in elite
Canadian male junior hockey players. Appl Phys Nutr
Metab, 2008; 33: 267-271.
38. Sawka MN, Burke LM, Eichner ER, Maughan RJ,
Montain SJ, Stachenfeld NS. American College of
Sports Medicine position stand. Exercise and fluid
replacement. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2007; 39: 377-390.
39. Burke L, Deakin V. Clinical Sports Nutrition. Sydney,
Australia: McGraw-Hill, 2006.
40. Coslil DL, Cole R, Fink WJ. Dietary potassium and
heavy exercise: effects on muscle water and
electrolyetes. American Society for Clinical Nutrition, 1982.
41. Cappy CS, Jablonka J, Schroeder ET. The effects of
exercise during hemodialysis on physical performance
and nutrition assessment. Journal of Renal Nutrition,
1999; 9(2): 63 – 70.

Thank you for copying data from