Buradasınız

Dış Ticaretin Ücretler Yoluyla Emek Piyasaları’na Etkileri

Foreign Trade Effects on the Labor Markets with the Link of Wage Difference

Journal Name:

Publication Year:

Abstract (2. Language): 
The purpose of this study is to examine wages inequality in Turkey. Globalization process and foreign trade are most important factors on the wage inequalities. Wage inequalities starts with trade reforms which increase foreign trades. The increased openness of the Turkish Economy fuelled this situation. Turkey’s production structure has been changed since 1980. After the formation of Custom Union Turkey’s production structure has been changed so rapidly. In this period capital intensive sectors have been grown more than labor intensive sectors. As a result of this situation, wages inequalities between skilled labor and unskilled labor widened.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu çalışmanın amacı Türkiye’de oluşan ücret eşitsizliğinin incelenmesidir. Küreselleşme süreci ve dış ticaret ücret eşitsizliğinin önemli etkilerdendir. Ücret eşitsizliği ticaret reformlarıyla başlayan dış ticaret artışıyla başlamaktadır. Türk ekonomisinin dışa açılması ücret eşitsizliğini daha da hızlandırmıştır. Türkiye’nin üretim yapısı 1980 yılından başlayarak değişmiştir. Gümrük Birliği’nin kurulmasından sonra Türkiye’nin üretim yapısındaki değişim hızlanmıştır. Bu zaman dilimi içinde sermaye yoğun sektörler, emek yoğun sektörlere oranla daha hızlı gelişmiştir. Bu nedenle kalifiye işgücü ve kalifiye olmaya işgücü arasındaki ücret eşitsizliği derinleşmiştir.
90-112

JEL Codes:

REFERENCES

References: 

Aghion, Phillipe ve Howitt, Peter (1992) A Model of Growth Through Creative Destruction,
Econometrica, 60 (2), 323–351.
Andersen, Torben ve Sorensen, Allan (2007) Product Market Integration and Labour Markets:
Aggregate Gains at the Cost of More Inequality, IZA Discussion Paper, No. 2556.
Baggs, Jen (2005) Firm Survival and Exit in Response to Trade Liberalization, The Canadian
Journal of Economics / Revue canadienne d'Economique, Vol. 38 (4), 1364-1383.
Bakkalcı, Ahmet Can (2008) Küreselleşme Bölgesel Entegrasyonlar Ülkelerüstü Kurumlar,
İstanbul: Nobel Kitabevi.
Baldwin, Richard (2006) Globalisation: The Great Unbundling, Working Paper, Prime
Ministers Economic Council of Finland.
Behrman, Jere, Birdsall Nancy ve Szekely, Miguel (2000) Economic Reform and Wage
Differentials in Latin America, Inter-American Development Bank Research
Department Working Paper, No: 435.
Blanchflower David ve Burgess Simon (1996) Job Creation and Job Destruction in Great Britain
in the 1980’s, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 50 (1), 17-38.
Brecher, Richard., Chen, Zhigi, ve Choudhri, Ehsan (2002) Unemployment and Growth in the
Long Run: An Efficiency-Wage Model with Optimal Savings, International Economic
Review Vol. 43(3), 875-894.
Borensztein, Eduardo ve Lee, J-W. (1998) How Does Foreign Direct Investment Affect Economic
Growth, Journal of International Economics, 45, 115-135.
Council of the European Union (2007) Joint Employment Report 2006/2007.
Council of Europe (2008) 8th Council of Europe Conference of Ministers Responsible For
Migration Affairs, Economic migration, social cohesion and development: towards
an integrated approach, Thematic Report, Kyiv 4-5 September 2008.
Devlet Planlama Teşkilatı (2007) İşgücü Piyasası Özel İhtisas Komisyonu Raporu, Ankara.
Elveren, Adem ve Galbraith, James (2009) Pay Ineguality in Turkey in Neo Liberal Era 1980-
2001, The European Journal of Comperative Economics, Vol: 6, No: 2, 177-206.
Erdem Erkan ve Tybout, James (2003) Trade Policy and Industrial Sector Responses in the
Developing World: Interpreting the Evidence, Brookings Trade Forum, 1-43,
[http://www.jstor.org/stable/25063179] (22.07.2009).
Ethier, Wilfred (2005) Globalisation: Trade, Technology, and Wages, International Review of
Economics & Finance, Volume 14, Issue 3, 237-258.
Foote Christopher (1998) Trend Employment Growth and the Bunching of Job Creation and
Destruction, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 113 (3), 809-834.
Grossman, Gene ve Hansberg, Rossi (2006) The Rise of Offshoring: It’s Not Wine for Cloth
Anymore,
[http://www.kansascityfed.org/PUBLICAT/SYMPOS/2006/PDF/Grossman-Rossi
Hansberg.paper.0728.pdf] (10.09.2009).
Grossman, Gene ve Hansberg, Rossi (2008) Trading Tasks: A Simple Theory of
Offshoring,[http://www.princeton.edu/~grossman/TradingTasks.pdf] (05.09.2009).
Goldberg Pinelopi ve Pavcnik Nina (2004) Trade, Inequality, and Poverty: What Do We Know?
Evidence from Recent Trade Liberalization, Episodes in Developing Countries, Brookings
Trade Forum, Globalization, Poverty, and Inequality, 223-269.
Hoekman, Bernard ve Winters Alan (2005) Trade and Employment: Stylized Facts and Research
Findings, DESA Working Paper No. 7, ST/ESA/2005/DWP/7,
[http://www.un.org/esa/desa/papers/2005/wp7_2005.pdf] (12.09.2009)
International Labour Organization (2008) Global Wage Report, International Labour Office,
Geneva.
Janssen, Marion ve Lee, Eddy (2007) Trade and Employment Challenges For Policy
Research, A joint study of the International Labour Office and the Secretariat of the
World Trade Organization, WTO Secretariat Switzerland.
Kızılırmak, Burça (2003) Explaining Wage Ineguality: Evidence from Turkey,
[http://www.politics.ankara.edu.tr/eski/dosyalar/tm/SBF_WP_57.pdf] (15.10.2011)
Lucas, Robert (1988) On the Mechanics of Economic Development, Journal of Monetary
Economics, 22, 3-42.
Matusz, Steven (1996) International Trade, the Division of Labor, and Unemployment,
International Economic Review, Vol. 37(1), 71-84.
Macovei, Mordachei (2009) Growth and Economic Crises in Turkey: Leaving Behind a
Turbulent Past, European Commission, Economic and Financial Affairs, Belgium.
Onaran, Özlem (2009) Globalization Financial Crises and Labor, [http://www.globallabouruniversity.
org/fileadmin/GLU_conference_TISS_2009/Submitted_papers/OEzle
m_Onaran.pdf] (26.11.2009).
Romer, Paul (1986) Increasing Returns and Long-Run Growth, Journal of Political Economy,
94, 1002–1037.
Schumpeter, Joseph (1975) Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy, New York: Harper. [orig.
pub. 1942] 82-85.
Zhu, Susan ve Trefler, Daniel (2005) Trade and Inequality in Developing Countries: A General
Equilibrium Analysis, Journal of International Economics, 21–48

Thank you for copying data from http://www.arastirmax.com