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Factores determinantes en la dinámica de las redes virtuales de fabricación global

Determinant factors in dynamics of global manufacturing virtual networks

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Purpose: The purpose of this work is to demonstrate the existence of a number of structural mechanisms that networks actors use to exert tacit power in the GMVNs. Design/methodology/approach: The analysis of the engine manufacturing aeronautical industry based on a quantitative approach with a binomial logistic model with a logit function. Findings and Originality/value: Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) exert a tacit power by occupying central positions in the network and having many structural holes. Suppliers, nevertheless, establish many strong and direct ties to increase trust with other network actors; while new actors establish, primarily, indirect ties to gain explicit knowledge. Research limitations/implications: Another similar works focused in other industrial segments like electronics, chemical o automotive would strengthen the findings of this work. Practical implications: The results of this work can facilitate, ex ante, the design of new GMVNs and increase drastically their efficiency. Originality/value: It classifies the internal operations of these organizations that, so far, were not analysed under this approach. Itsconclusions can be used as a prescriptive model for other manufacturing networks.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Objeto: Demostrar la existencia de una serie de mecanismos estructurales que los actores utilizan como herramientas para poder ejercer un poder tácito en las RVFGs. Diseño/metodología: Análisis de la industria de fabricación de motores aeronáuticos mediante un enfoque cuantitativo basado en un modelo logístico binomial utilizando una función logit. Resultados: Los Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) ejercen un poder tácito en la red mediante su posición centralizada en la red y la existencia de muchos agujeros estructurales. Los proveedores, sin embargo, establecen muchos lazos fuertes y directos con otros actores para fomentar la confianza; mientras que los nuevos actores establecen muchos lazos indirectos para acceder a conocimiento explícito. Limitaciones: Otros estudios similares a RVFGs de otros sectores industriales como el electrónico, químico o automoción reforzarían los resultados obtenidos en este estudio. Implicaciones prácticas: Se facilita ex ante el diseño de nuevas RVFGs aumentando sensiblemente su eficienciaValor añadido: Clarifica el funcionamiento interno de estas organizaciones que hasta ahora no se había abordado bajo este punto de vista. Sus conclusiones pueden utilizarse como un modelo prescriptivo para otras redes de fabricación.



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