You are here


Journal Name:

Publication Year:

Author Name
Abstract (2. Language): 
From the perspective of what has been successful, this paper provides an overview of occupational health and safety regulatory reform in Canada. It begins with a review of the past enabling legislation and the employer response. Both workers‟ compensation and occupational health and safety are reviewed. It then examines for the present some current enforcement strategies and the case of GM Canada as an employer that has gone beyond such an administrative managerial approach to develop a culture of safety. From a soft law or incentive perspective the current controversy of experience rating is also critically assessed. With regards to the future the paper argues that globalization is eroding the socio-economic conditions that gave rise to this regulatory schema. Issues such as atypical work, the increase in white collar jobs, and the use of temporary foreign workers will require unique regulatory responses that are only beginning to be developed.



AYRES,I. and BRAITHWAITE, J. (1992): Responsive Regulation: Transcending the Deregulation Debate. Oxford: Oxford University Press,
GALLINA, P.L. and THOMPSON, M. (2008): Employer monitoring and compliance models, practices and initiatives in Canada. Ottawa: Human Resources and Social Development Canada,
GALLINA, P.L.(2005): New compliance strategies: „Hard law approach‟/ Nouvelles stratégies d'amélioration de la conformité : méthode du « droit dur » . Ottawa: Human Resources and Social Development Canada/ Ressources humaines et développement des compétences Canada.>
IWH (2006): Assessing the Effects of Experience Rating in Ontario: Toronto: Institute for Work and Health.
KYBARTAS,R.A. (1984): Limits to Reform: Occupational Health and Safety in Ontario 1880-1984. Master of Arts Thesis, McMaster University,
MEREDITH, WILLIAM (1913): Final Report. Ontario Sessional Papers. No. 53. Toronto: King‟s Printers, 1913.
MORNEAU SOBEC (2008):. Recommendations for Experience Rating. [Toronto: Workplace Safety and Insurance Board, 2008] <>
O‟GRADY, J.(1999): “Comparative approaches to prevention: What are the trends? What are the issues? What are the implications for Labour Market? A paper presented to the Plenary Session of the Fourth International Congress on Medical-Legal Aspects of Work Injuries. Toronto

ONTARIO LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY (1974): Submissions to the Royal Commission on the Health and Safety of Workers in Mines. Toronto: Queen‟s Printer.
QUINLAN, M (2001). “The global expansion of precarious employment, work disorganization, and consequences for occupational health: A review of recent research” International Journal of Health Services ,31(2): 335-414.
RESCHENTHALER, G.B.(1979): Occupational Health and Safety in Canada, the Economics, and Three Case Studies. Montreal: Institute for Research on Public Policy,
ROSEN, M. A.(2008): General Motors: Achieving and Maintaining World-Class Leadership in Worker Health and Safety in the Automotive Industry. Toronto, ON: Minerva Canada, 2008.

SHANNON, H.S.; MAYER, J.; HAINEST.(1997) “Overview of the relationship between organizational and workplace factors and injury rates”. Safety Science 26(3):201-217.
WALTERS, V.(1983):“Occupational health and safety legislation in Ontario: an analysis of its origins and content”. Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology. 20(4):413-434
WSIB (2009): Business Results through Health and Safety . Toronto: Workplace Safety and Insurance Board.

Thank you for copying data from