Rediseñando el trabajo en las aulas universitarias: Factores relacionados con la satisfacción en estudiantes de ingeniería y administración de empresas

Redesigning work in university classrooms: factors related to satisfaction in engineering and business administration students

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Purpose: We analyze how it affects the teaching model to motivational potential of the course and student satisfaction. Design/methodology: Using structural equation modeling (SEM) has analyzed data from a cross-section (2008, 2009 and 2010) of 535 students of industrial engineering and business administration, a Spanish public university. Findings: The results, using a validated instrument adapted to the teaching world, demonstrate the association between the characteristics of the type of student work, the motivating potential of the subject and satisfaction. Research limitations/implications: The Identity scale does not have good fit and the results should be considered tentative. The sample is limited and does not allow to generalize the findings, it should be extended in the future to include other universities and graduate students. Originality/value: This work confirm that the JDS model adapted to teaching is met. We found that the variety, identity, significance, autonomy, job feedback and social feedback are elements of a second-order construct representing the motivating potential of the subject and that the values of this construct are positively related, significantly and substantially to the overall satisfaction perceived by the student. We have also found that these relationships are maintained on samples of students from different years or rather different degrees. As a result, education professionals can use the model for analysis and redesign of jobs to help foster motivation and student satisfaction.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Objeto: Con este trabajo se pretende analizar cómo afectan las características del contexto del aprendizaje, es decir, cómo es el trabajo de los estudiantes en la asignatura, al potencial motivador de la asignatura y a la satisfacción de los estudiantes. Diseño/metodología/enfoque: Mediante ecuaciones estructurales (SEM) se ha analizado los datos de una muestra transversal (cursos 2008, 2009 y 2010) de 535 estudiantes de ingeniería industrial y administración de empresas, de una universidad pública española. Aportaciones y resultados: Los resultados, utilizando un instrumento validado y adaptado al mundo docente, demuestran la asociación existente entre las características del tipo de trabajo de los estudiantes, el perfil motivador de la asignatura y la satisfacción.Limitaciones: La escala de identidad no tiene un ajuste excesivamente bueno y sus resultados deberían considerarse tentativos. La muestra es limitada para generalizar las conclusiones, debería extenderse en el futuro a otras universidades y contemplar estudiantes de posgrado. Originalidad / Valor añadido: En este trabajo confirmamos que se cumple el modelo JDS adaptado a la docencia. Comprobamos que las variedad, la identidad, la significación, la autonomía, la retroalimentación del puesto y la retroalimentación social son elementos de un constructo de segundo orden que representa el perfil motivador de de la asignatura y que los valores de este constructo están relacionados positiva, significativa y sustancialmente con la satisfacción general percibida por el estudiante. También hemos comprobado que estas relaciones se mantienen en muestras de alumnos de diferentes años o de titulaciones bastante dispares. Gracias a ello, los profesionales docentes pueden utilizar el modelo de análisis y rediseño de puesto para ayudar a favorecer la motivación y la satisfacción de sus estudiantes.

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