You are here

An Analysis of Home Advantage in Iranian Football Super League

Journal Name:

Publication Year:

Abstract (2. Language): 
Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate home advantage in Iranian Football Super League. Methods: The information regarding wins, losses, goals for, goals against, yellow cards, red cards and gained points in matches at home and away of Super League teams of Iran was obtained using the internet website and was analyzed. Results: The results showed that the mean of wins, goals for and points gained from matches in the home have been more than matches away, but in matches away, the mean of losses, yellow cards, red cards and goals against have been higher. Also, the percentage of home advantage in Iranian Football Super League was close to international norms. Conclusion: According to the results, sport psychologist, coaches and people who are involved in football are recommended to pay more attention to this advantage and make short and long term plans to do psychological readiness and competitive performance.



Asgari B, Eydi H, Ziaei A. (2015). Study of home advantage on Host countries performance. Sport Management Studies. 7(30):105-20. [In Persian].
Balmer, N. J., Nevill, A. M., & Williams, A. M. (2003). Modelling home advantage in the Summer Olympic Games. Journal of Sports Sciences, 21(6), 469-478.
Boyko, R. H., Boyko, A. R., & Boyko, M. G. (2007). Referee bias contributes to home advantage in English Premiership football. Journal of sports sciences, 25(11), 1185-1194.
Bray, S. R., & Martin, K. A. (2003). The effect of competition location on individual athlete performance and psychological states. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 4(2), 117-123.
Int J Sports Exerc & Train Sci, 2016, Vol 2, No 4, 137-144 R.H. Talab, A.H. Mehrsafar
Carré, J., Muir, C., Belanger, J., & Putnam, S. K. (2006). Pre-competition hormonal and psychological levels of elite hockey players: relationship to the ‘home advantage’. Physiology & behavior, 89(3), 392-398.
Caudill, S. B., & Mixon, F. G. (2007). Stadium size, ticket allotments and home field advantage in college football. The Social Science Journal, 44(4), 751-759.
Cerin, E., & Barnett, A. (2011). Predictors of pre‐and post‐competition affective states in male martial artists: a multilevel interactional approach. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports, 21(1), 137-150.
Clarke, S. R. (2005). Home advantage in the Australian football league. Journal of Sports Sciences, 23(4), 375-385.
Courneya, K. S., & Carron, A. V. (1992). The home advantage in sport competitions: a literature review. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 14(1).
Gelade, G. A. (2015). National culture and home advantage in football. Cross-Cultural Research, 49(3), 281-296.
Goldman, H. J. (2009). The Home Advantage in Elite-Level Ice Hockey (Doctoral dissertation, University of Michigan).
Jacklin, P. B. (2005). Temporal changes in home advantage in English football since the Second World War: What explains improved away performance?. Journal of sports Sciences, 23(7), 669-679.
Kavetsos, G., & Szymanski, S. (2010). National well-being and international sports events. Journal of Economic Psychology, 31(2), 158-171.
Koyama, M., & Reade, J. J. (2009). Playing like the home team: an economic investigation into home advantage in football. International Journal of Sport Finance, 4(1), 16.
McEwan, D., Ginis, K. A. M., & Bray, S. R. (2012). “With the game on his stick”: the home (dis) advantage in National Hockey League shootouts. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 13(5), 578-581.
McGuire, E. J., Widmeyer, W. N., Courneya, K. S., & Carron, A. V. (1992). Aggression as a Potential Mediator of the Home Advantage in Professional Ice Hockey. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 14(2).
Neave, N., & Wolfson, S. (2003). Testosterone, territoriality, and the ‘home advantage’. Physiology & behavior, 78(2), 269-275.
Nevill, A. M., Balmer, N. J., & Williams, A. M. (2002). The influence of crowd noise and experience upon refereeing decisions in football. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 3(4), 261-272.
Peñas, C., & Ballesteros, J. (2011). Game location and team quality effects on performance profiles in professional soccer. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 10(3), 465-471.
Pollard, R. (1986). Home advantage in soccer: A retrospective analysis. Journal of Sports Sciences, 4(3), 237-248.
Pollard, R. (2006). Worldwide regional variations in home advantage in association football. Journal of Sports Sciences, 24(3), 231-240.
Pollard, R., & Pollard, G. (2005). Long-term trends in home advantage in professional team sports in North America and England (1876–2003). Journal of Sports Sciences, 23(4), 337-350.
Pollard, R., & Pollard, G. (2005). Home advantage in soccer: A review of its existence and causes. International Journal of Soccer and Science Journal, 3(1), 28-38.
Poulter, D. R. (2009). Home advantage and player nationality in international club football. Journal of sports sciences, 27(8), 797-805.
Rahnama, N., Sadeghipour, H.R, Bambaeichi, E. (2006). Comparison of the Performance of Premier League Football in the Indoor and Outdoor Games. The Olympic Journal, 4 (36): 39-46. [In Persian].
Int J Sports Exerc & Train Sci, 2016, Vol 2, No 4, 137-144 R.H. Talab, A.H. Mehrsafar
Sánchez, P. A., García-Calvo, T., Leo, F. M., Pollard, R., & Gómez, M. A. (2009). An analysis of home advantage in the top two Spanish professional football leagues. Perceptual and motor skills, 108(3), 789-797.
Seçkin, A. (2006). Home advantage in association football: Evidence from Turkish Super League. In Trabajo presentado en la Ecomod Conference, Honk Kong.
Smith, D. R., Ciacciarelli, A., Serzan, J., & Lambert, D. (2000). Travel and the home advantage in professional sports. Sociology of Sport Journal, 17(4), 364-385.
Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics, 5th. Needham Height, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Tahmasebi, F., Vazienitaher, A., Sedeghpour, B., Hatamie, F. (2010). Survey of the right to host premier league of football. The Olympic Journal, 4(56):79-90. [In Persian].
Tucker, I. B. (2004). A reexamination of the effect of big-time football and basketball success on graduation rates and alumni giving rates. Economics of Education Review, 23(6), 655-661.
Vergin, R. C., & Sosik, J. J. (1999). No place like home: an examination of the home field advantage in gambling strategies in NFL football. Journal of Economics and Business, 51(1), 21-31.
Waters, A., & Lovell, G. (2002). An examination of the home field advantage in a professional English soccer team from a psychological standpoint. Football Studies, 5(1), 46-59.
Weinberg, R. S., & Gould, D. (2014). Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 6E. Human Kinetics.
Wolfson, S., Wakelin, D., & Lewis, M. (2005). Football supporters’ perceptions of their role in the home advantage. Journal of Sports Sciences, 23(4), 365-374.

Thank you for copying data from