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Determining the Validity and the Reliability of the Mobbing Scale for the Football Referees

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The purpose of this study is to analyse the validity and reliability of the Mobbing Scale for the Football Referees (MSFR), prepared for determining the levels of psychological mobbing behaviours that the active football ranking referees in the Turkish Football Federation are exposed to. An attempts to develop the scale was made by having prepared a test scale consisting of 45 items of five-point Likert type and then applied to the referees and then a factor analysis method was used which changed the large number of variables by making them a small number of significant and independent from each others factors. According to the data acquired from the factor analysis procedure, the scale showed 21 + 12 items and a structure of three + two components. It was found out that the first 21 items in the scale were formed from three sub-dimensions (attack on the profession of the individual, attack on the sociability of the individual, attack on the personality of the individual), whereas the 12 items were formed from two sub-dimensions (Sports and social environment). The total variance of the scale explained in attack dimensions (21 items) on the individual’s profession, sociability, and personality was calculated as 61.32, and its cronbach’s alpha internal consistency coefficient was calculated as 0.92. And its factor loadings were observed between 0.50 and 0.86. And the total variance which explains the sub-dimensions of the sports and social the environment (12 items) was calculated as 88.7, and the Cronbach's alpha internal consistency coefficient as 0.97. The factor loadings were found to be between 0.66 and 0.88. When taking into consideration the values obtained from the scale, it can be said that the Mobbing Scale Related to the Football Referees was a valid and a reliable scale.



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International Journal of Science Culture and Sport (IntJSCS) Dec 2013
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