You are here

iPads as a Literacy Teaching Tool in Early Childhood

iPads as a Literacy Teaching Tool in Early Childhood

Journal Name:

Publication Year:

Abstract (2. Language): 
Considering the increased influence of digital technologies on daily life (Fallows, 2004) and young children’s increased use of interactive technologies (Children Now, 2007), early childhood educators are beginning to think about the role of technology in their classrooms. Many preschool programs are beginning to purchase iPads, or similar tablets, for classroom use. Thus, it is important to consider how iPads, or similar tablets, can be used in a developmentally appropriate manner with young children. To this end, this article describes the use of iPads in two preschool classrooms of four and five year-old children.



Bradley B and Jones J (2007) Sharing alphabet books in early childhood classrooms. Reading Teacher, 60(5),
Children Now (2007) The effects of interactive media on preschooler’s learning: A review of research and
recommendations for the future. Oakland, CA: Author.
Clements D H (2002) Computers in early childhood mathematics. Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood,
3(2), 160-181.
Clements D H & Nastasi, B (1988) Social and cognitive interactions in educational computer environments.
American Educational Research Journal, 25(1), 87-106.
Clements D H & Sarama, J (2002) The role of technology in early childhood learning. Teaching Children
Mathematics, 8, 340-343.
Clements D H & Sarama, J (2003) Young children and technology: What does the research say?. Young
Children, 58(6), 34-40.24 Beschorner & Hutchison
Cordes C & Miller E (2000) Fool’s gold: A critical look at computers in childhood. College Park, MA: Alliance
for Childhood.
Couse L & Chen D (2010) A tablet computer for young children? Exploring viability for early childhood
education. Journals of Research on Technology Education, 43(1), 75-98.
Creswell J (2007) Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. Thousand Island,
CA: Sage.
Dobler B (2012) Reading Today.
Fallows D (2004) The internet and daily life: Many Americans use the Internet in everyday activities, but
traditional offline activities still dominate. Retrieved from:
Goodman Y (1986) Coming to know literacy. In W. Teale & E. Sulzby (Eds.) Emergent literacy: Writing and
reading (pp.1-14). Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
Hillman M & Marshall J (2010) Evaluation of digital media for emergent literacy.
Computers in schools, 25(4), 256-270.
Haugland S W (1992) The effect of computer software on preschool children’s developmental gains. Journal of
Computing in Childhood Education, 3(1), 15-30.
Heroman C, Dodge, D, Berke K, & Bickart T (2010) Creative curriculum (5th ed.). Bethesda, MD: Teaching
Kaiser Family Foundation (1999) Kids & media @ the new millennium. Menlo Park, CA: Author.
Labbo L (1996) A semiotic analysis of children’s symbol making in a classroom computer center. Reading
Research Quarterly, 31(4), 356-385.
Labbo L & Reinking D (1999) Negotiating the multiple realities of technology in literacy research and
instruction. Reading Research Quarterly, 34(4), 478-492.
Leu D & Kinzer C (2000) The convergence of literacy instruction with networked technologies for information
and communication. Reading Research Quarterly, 35(1), 108-127.
Leu D, Kinzer, C, Coiro, J, & Cammack, D (2007) Toward a theory of new literacies emerging from the Internet
and other information and communication technologies. In R. Ruddell & N. Unrau (Eds.) Theoretical
Models and Processes of Reading (pp. 1570-1612). Newark, DE: International Reading Association.
Maxwell J A (2005) Qualitative research design; An interactive approach (2nd Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Morrow L M (1991) Relationships among physical design of play centers, teachers’ on literacy in play, and
children’s literacy behaviors during play. In J. Zutell & S. McCormick (Eds.), Learner Factors/
Teacher Factors: Issues in Literacy Research and Instruction: Thirty-eighth Yearbook of the National
Reading Conference (pp.77-86). Chicago: National Reading Conference.
Morrow L M & Rand M (1991) Promoting literacy during play by designing early childhood classroom
environments. Reading Teacher, 44, 396-402.
Morrow L M, Rand, M, & Smith, J (1995) Reading aloud to children: Relationships between teacher and
student behaviors. Reading Research and Instruction, 35, 85-101.
Neuman, S & Roskos, K (1990) Play, print, and purpose: Enriching play environments for literacy development.
Reading Teacher, 44, 214-221.
Neuman S & Roskos, K (1991) The influence of literacy-enriched play centers on preschoolers’ conceptions of
the functions of print. In J. Christie (Ed.), Play and Early Literacy Development (pp.167-187). Albany:
State University of New York Press.
Plowman, L & Stephen, C (2003) A ‘benign addition’? Research on ICT and pre-school children. Journal of
Computer Assisted Learning, 19, 149-164.
Purcell-Gates, V (1996) Stories, coupons, and the TV guide: Relationships between home literacy experiences
and emergent literacy knowledge. Reading Research Quarterly, 31(4), 406-428.
Smith, C (2001) Click and turn the page: An exploration of multiple storybook literacy. Reading Research
Quarterly, 36(2), 152-183.
Teale, W (1986) Home background and young children’s literacy development. In W. Teale & E. Sulzby (Eds.),
Emergent literacy: Writing and reading (pp. 173-206). Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
Teale W & Sulzby E (1986) Emergent literacy: Writing and reading. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
Thomas, D (2006) A general inductive approach for analyzing qualitative evaluation data. American Journal of
Evaluation, 27(2), 237-246.
VanderScoter J, Ellis D, & Railsback J (2001) Technology in early childhood education: Finding the balance.
Portland, OR: Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory.
Wood E, Specht J, Willoughby T, & Mueller J (2008) Integrating computer technology in early childhood
environments: Issues raised by early childhood educators. The Alberta Journal of Educational
Research, 54(2), 210-226.
Yaden D, Rowe D, & MacGillivray L (2000) Emergent literacy: A matter (polyphony) of perspectives. In M.
Kamil, P. Mosenthal, P.D. Pearson, & R. Barr (3rd ed.), Handbook of Reading Research (pp. 425-454).
Yin R (2008) Case study research: Design and Methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Thank you for copying data from