You are here

An investigation of educational technology standarts of physical education candidate teachers in terms of several variables


Journal Name:

Publication Year:



Sayfa Aralığı:: 

Publication Language:

Abstract (2. Language): 
The present study was designed to evaluate physical education candidate teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs of technology usage in line with the views of physical education candidate teachers in terms of NETS*T standards and to find out whether their self-efficacy beliefs differentiate in terms of gender, time spent using computer, computer usage level, time spent using the internet and their type of using the internet. This study aims at revealing the overall state of pre-service physical education teachers in terms of educational technology standards. The survey method was applied in this study to collect the research data. The scale developed by Çoklar (2008) taking into consideration the sub-factors of NETS-T standards was used as the data gathering tool. 332 (male=203; female=129) final year undergraduate students studying at physical education department at 9 different universities participated in the study. One-way analysis of variance, one-sample independent t test and frequency, percentage from descriptive statistics were used in the analyses of the study and level of significance was set at 0.05. It was found that teacher candidates participated in the study had a high level of self-efficacy regarding educational technology standards. It was determined that there was not a significant difference between the time spent using computers, the time spent using the internet and sub-level self-efficacy beliefs of educational technology standards but there was a significant difference between level of using computer, type of using the internet and sub-level self-efficacy beliefs of educational technology standards.



Alobiedat, A. (2005). Comparing pre-service technology standards with technology skills of special educators in Southwestern Michigan. International Journal of Instructional Media, 32(4): 385-395.
Antoniou, P., Derri, V., Kioumourtzoglou, E., and Mouroutsos, S. (2003). Applying multimedia computer-assisted instruction to enhance physical education students’ knowledge of basketball rules. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy. 8(1): 78-90.
Şirin, E. F., Duman, S. (2013). An investigation of educational technology standarts of physical education candidate
teachers in terms of several variables. International Journal of Human Sciences, 10(1), 1298-1313.
Basham, J., Palla, A., and Pianfetti, E. (2005). An integrated framework used to increase preservice teacher NETS-T ability. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 13(2): 257-276.
Bergacs, R. (2004). Teacher technology use survey. pre-dissertation project, 2004. URL:, [25.07.2009].
Can, V., and Kabakçı, I. (2007). İlköğretim öğrencilerinin bilgisayar ve internette güvenligine iliskin bilgisayar öğretmenlerinin görüşleri. The Proceedings of 7th International Educational Technology Conference. (May 3–5, 2007), Near East University, KKTC.
Cevik, A., and Kuzu A. (2006). Bilgisayar laboratuarlarında karşılaşılan güvenlik sorunları ve çözü önerileri konusunda öğretmen görüşleri. 6th International Educational Technology Conference, (April 19-21, 2006), Eastern Mediterranean University, Gazimağusa, (KKTC).
Clift, R.T., Houston, R., and Pugach, M.C. (1990). Encouraging reflective practice in education: An analysis of issues and programs. New York: Teachers College Pres.
Çoklar, A.N., and Odabaşı, H.F. (2009a). Determining The Assessment and Evaluation Self-Efficacies of Teacher Candidates Regarding Education Technology Standards. Selçuk Üniversitesi Ahmet Keleşoğlu Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 27, 1 -16.
Çoklar, A.N., and Odabaşı, H.F. (2009b). Educational Technology Standards Scale (ETSS): A study of reliability and validity for Turkish preservice teachers. Journal of Computing in Teacher Education, 25(4): 135-142.
Dean, C.M. (2001). Preparing preservice teachers to meet the ISTE National Educational Technology Standards: A case study of an instructional technology class. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Ohio: Cincinnati University.
Ekmekçi, Ö. (1990). Problems encountered in teacher trainin sessions. An International Conference Tradition Innovation ELT and Teacher Training. February 1990. Ankara: 78-80.
Erwin, H., and Valley, J. (2005). Creating a web site for advocacy. Teaching Elementary Physical Education, 16(5): 26-30.
Evans, S.A. (2006). A validation study of a measurement of technology ıntegration skills for pre-service teachers. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Charlotte: North Carolina University.
Fay, T., and Doolittle, S. (2002). Agents for change: From standards to assessment to accountability in physical education. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, 73(6): 29-33.
Finkenberg, M. (1997). The Internet in Kinesiology and Physical Education. Quest, 49, 327-332.
Franklin, T. (1999), Teacher computer access, student computer access, years of teacher experiences, and professional development as predictors of competency of K-4 Ohio public school students on The National Educational Technology Standards. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Ohio: Ohio University.
FitzPatrick, K. (2004). An Investigative laboratory course in human physiology using computer technology and collaborative writing. Advances in Physiology Education, 28(3): 112-199.
Green, N. (2002). Using ICT within PE-Its impact on a working department. The British Journal of Teaching Physical Education, 33(2): 25.
Haderlie. S, (2001). An assessment of perceived technology standards achievement for preservice teachers at Utah State University. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Logan: Utah State University.
Hayden J (2002). The development and formative evaluation of an assessment instrument based on National Educational Technology Standards for teachers. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation. Georgia: Georgia State University.
Hofer, M.J. (2003). ISTE Educational Technology Standards: Implementation in award-winning teacher education programs. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Virginia: Virginia University.
İzci, E. (1999). Ortaögretim kurumlarinda görev yapan ögretmenlerin ögretmenlik meslek bilgisi yeterliklerinin bazi degiskenlere göre incelenmesi. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Malatya: İnönü University.
Şirin, E. F., Duman, S. (2013). An investigation of educational technology standarts of physical education candidate
teachers in terms of several variables. International Journal of Human Sciences, 10(1), 1298-1313.
Kadijevich, D.J., and Haapasalo, L. (2008). Factors that influence student teacher’s Interest to Achieve Educational Technology Standards. Computers & Education, 50(1): 262-270.
Kahraman, O., Köse, S., and Kara, I. (2005). İlköğretim okullarinda görev yapan branş öğretmenlerin bilgisayar okuryazarliği, bilgisayara karsi ve bilgisayar destekli öğretime karsi tutum araştirmasi. XIV. Ulusal Egitim Bilimleri Kongresi. September 28–30, 2005, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey.
Kılıcer, K., and Odabaşı F (2006). Bilgisayar ögretmenligi: Etik bunun neresinde?. The Proceedings of 7th International Educational Technology Conference. (May 3-5, 2007), Near East University (KKTC).
Kirkwood, M., Sharp, B., De Vito, G., and Nimmo, M. (2002). Assessment of aerobic endurance. a comparison between CD-Rom and laboratory-based instruction. British Journal of Educational Technology, 33(2): 159–172.
Kocak, S. (2003). Computer attitudes and competencies in physical education and sport. International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport and Dance, 39(1): 49–52.
Ladda, S., Keating, T., Adams, D., and Toscano, L. (2004). Including technology in instructional programs. Journal of Physical Education Recreation and Dance, 75(4): 12-15.
Liang, G., Walls, R., Hicks, V., Clayton, L., and Yang, L. (2006). Will tomorrow’s physical educators be prepared to teach in the digital age?. Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 6(1): 143-156.
Mayer, R.E., Dow, G.T., & Mayer, S. (2003). Multimedia learning in an Interactive Self Explaining Environment: What works in the design of Agent-Based Microworlds? Journal of Educational Psychology, 95, 806-813.
Mohnsen, B. (2001). “Instructional software to meet national standarts. JOPERD, 71(3): 19-22.
NETS (2006). National Educational Technology Standards., (12 September 2009).
Nigg, C.R. (2003). Technology’s influence on physical activity and exercise science: The present and the future. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 4, 57-65.
Oh, E., and French, D.R. (2004). Pre-service teachers’ perceptions of an introductory instructional technology course, Electronic Journal for the Integration of Technology in Education, 3(1): 37-48.
Papastergiou, M. (2010). Enhancing physical education and sport science students’ self-efficacy and attitudes regarding information and communication technologies through a computer literacy course. Computers & Education. 54, 298-308.
Pennington, T., Wilkinson, C., and Vance, J. (2004). Physical educators online: What is on the minds of teachers in the trenches?. The Physical Educator, 61(1): 45-56.
Siedentop, D., Herkowitz, J., and Rink, J. (1984). Elementary physical education methods. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Shiffett, B., Murdach, C., Meschke, S., and Megginson, N. (2001). A presence on the web. Physical Educator, 58(4): 175-182.
Silverman, S. (1997). Technology and physical education: present, possibilities, and potential problems. Quest, 49, 306-314.
Sumuer, E., Doğusoy, B., Yıldırım, S. (2006). Preservice teachers’ competiences, beliefs and integration levels in ICT. 2nd International Open and Distance Learning (IODL) symposium. (September 13-15, 2006), Eskişehir Anadolu University (Turkey).
Stuve, M., and Cassady, J. (2005). A factor analysis of the NETS performance profiles: Searching for constructs of self-concept and technology professionalism. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 13(2): 303-324.
Song, J, Liang, G., Liu G., and Walls, R.T. (2005). Are teachers in china ready to teach in 21st century. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 13(2): 197-209.
Şirin, E. F., Duman, S. (2013). An investigation of educational technology standarts of physical education candidate
teachers in terms of several variables. International Journal of Human Sciences, 10(1), 1298-1313.
Tınmaz H (2004). An assessment of preservice teachers' technology perception in relation to their subject area. Unpublished Master Thesis. Ankara: Middle East Technical University.
The Council of Higher Education (CHE), (1998) Egitim Fakültesi Ögretmen Yetistirme Lisans Programlari.1998a,URL:, [12.11.2009].
Thomas, A., Stratton, G. (2006). What are we really doing with ICT in physical education: A national audit of equipment, use, teacher attitudes, support and training. British Journal of Educational Technology, 37(4): 617-632.
UNESCO (2002). Information and communication technologies in teacher education: A planning guide. France: Division of higher education.
Usluel, Y.K., Mumcu, F.K., and Demiraslan, Y. (2007). ICT in the Learning-Teaching Process: Teachers’ views on the integration and obstacles. Hacettepe University the Journal of Education. 32: 164-178.
Uysal, O. (2006). Views of teacher trainees on computer ethics. Unpublished Master Thesis. Eskişehir: Anadolu University.
Vernadakis, N., Zetou, E., Antoniou, P., & Kioumourtzoglou, E. (2002). The effectiveness of computer-assisted instruction on teaching the skill of setting in Volleyball. Journal of Human Movement Studies, 43, 151-164.
Wiksten, D., Spanjer, J., and LaMaster, K. (2002). Effective use of multimedia technology in athletic training education. Journal of Athletic Training. 37(4): 213-219.
Wood, S.L., Lynn, S. (2000). Teaching elementary physical education. Web Gym. 11(5): 28-30.
Woods, M., Karp, G., Shimon, J., and Jensen, K. (2004). Using Webquests to create online learning opportunities in physical education. Journal of Physical Education Recreation and Dance, 75(8): 41- 56.
Worrell. V., Evans-Fletcher, C., and Kovar S (2002). Assessing the cognitive and affective progress of children. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 73(7): 29-34.

Thank you for copying data from