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Konya İli ve İlçelerinde Hemodiyalize Giren Hastaların Demografik, Klinik ve Laboratuvar Özellikleri ile Sağlıkla İlişkili Yaşam Kalitesini Etkileyen Faktörlerin Değerlendirilmesi

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The Evaluation of Demographical Clinical and Laboratory Characteristics and the Factors That Influence Health-Related Quality of Life in Hemodialysis Patients in Konya

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26-31

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Abstract (Original Language): 
Amaç: Bu çalışmada, Konya'daki HD hastaların demografik-klinik- laboratuvar özellikleri ile sağlıkla ilişkili yaşam kalitelerini değerlendirmeyi amaçladık. Yöntem: Ortalama yaşları 47.8±15.6 yıl olan 511 hasta (279 erkek, 232 kadın) çalışıldı. Hastalara yaşam kalitelerini değerlendirmek için SF-36 testi uygulandı ve ortalama fiziksel ve mental komponent skorları hesaplandı. Bulgular: Ortalama fiziksel komponent skoru 47.2±23.1 ve ortalama mental komponent skoru 53.2±21.1 idi. Fiziksel ve mental komponent skorları ile yaş, cinsiyet, eğitim düzeyi, çalışma durumu, serum albümin ve Hb düzeyleri arasında anlamlı bir ilişki vardı. Bundan başka fiziksel ve mental komponent skorları ile serum albümin ve Hb düzeyleri arasında pozitif korelasyon tespit edilir¬ ken, aynı skorlarla yaş arasında negatif korelasyon bulundu. Sonuç: Sağlıkla ilişkili yaşam kalitesi ve morbidite-mortalite arasında önemli ilişki olduğu için, diyaliz hastalarının sağlıkla ilişkili yaşam kaliteleri periyodik olarak değerlendirilmelidir.
Abstract (2. Language): 
Objective: In this study, we aimed to evaluate relation between the health-related quality of life and demography-clinic-laboratory characteristics of hemodialysis patients in Konya. Methods: 511 patients (279 male, 232 female) were studied. Mean age was 47.8±15.6 years. SF-36 test was administered on patients to evaluate the quality of life and physical-mental component scores were calculated. Results: Mean physical and mental component scores were 47.2±23.1 and 53.2±21.1, respectively. There was a significant relation between physical-mental component scores and age, sex, educational level, employment status, serum albumin and Hb le¬ vels. Moreover, we found positive correlation between physicalmental component scores and serum albumin and Hb levels, but there was a negative correlation between the same scores and age. Conclusion: Because of the important relation between healthrelated quality of life and morbidity-mortality, health-related quali¬ ty of life in dialysis patients must be evaluated periodically.

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