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EVALUATION OF THE EFFECT OF THE OUTSOURCING ON RESOURCE DEPENDENCY AND TRANSACTION COST APPROACH: A RESEARCH IN KONYA OIZ, TURKEY

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DIŞ KAYNAK KULLANIMININ KAYNAK BAĞIMLILIĞI VE İŞLEM MALİYETİ YAKLAŞIMLARI ÜZERİNDEKİ ETKİSİNİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ: KONYA OSB’ DE BİR ARAŞTIRMA

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Sayfa Aralığı:: 
1285-1309

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Abstract (Original Language): 
Dış kaynak kullanımı, örgütlerin temel yetenekleri dışında kalan faaliyetlerini yapılan bir anlaşma ile kısmen veya tamamen alanında uzman bir hizmet sağlayıcıya veya tedarikçiye devretmesi şeklinde tanımlanmaktadır. Diğer bir ifadeyle dış kaynak kullanımı, örgütlerin faaliyetlerini kendi bünyelerinde mi gerçekleştireceği, yoksa örgüt dışında başka birey veya örgüte mi yaptıracağı konusunda bir seçimi yansıtmaktadır. Bu seçim çerçevesinde işlem maliyeti yaklaşımının temel vurgusu, örgütlerden ürettikleri mal ve/veya hizmetlerin, bireyler veya örgütler ile değişim işlemleri esnasında maliyeti en düşük olacak şekilde organize etmelerinin beklenmesidir. Kaynak bağımlılığı yaklaşımı ise örgütlerin tek başlarına ayakta kalamayacağını ve bir örgütün mutlaka çevresiyle işçilik, hammadde veya teçhizat alımı için ilişki içerisine gireceğini belirtmektedir. Bu bağlamda kaynak bağımlılığı yaklaşımı, dış kaynak kullanımı gibi örgütsel işbirliklerinin, kaynak kıtlığını ve belirsizliğini yönetmenin etkin bir yolu olduğunu belirtmektedir. Araştırmada, günümüzün hızla değişen çevre şartları ve acımasız bir hâl alan rekabet koşullarında son derece kritik bir olgu olarak karşımıza çıkan dış kaynak kullanımının, örgütlerin işlem maliyetleri ve kaynaklara olan bağımlılıkları üzerindeki etkisinin, Konya Organize Sanayi Bölgesi’ nde faaliyet gösteren işletmeler üzerinde ölçülmesi ve söz konusu kavramlar arasındaki ilişkilerin tespit edilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu doğrultuda öncelikle kaynak bağımlılığı yaklaşımı, işlem maliyeti yaklaşımı ve dış kaynak kullanımına ilişkin kavramsal bir çerçeve ortaya konulmaya çalışılmış, daha sonra ise araştırmanın bulgularına ve sonuçlarına yer verilmiştir. Elde edilen veriler neticesinde yapılan analizlerde, dış kaynakkullanımının kaynak bağımlılığı ve işlem maliyetlerini azalttığı yönünde pozitif bir etkisinin olduğu ortaya çıkmıştır. Ayrıca işlem maliyeti ve kaynak bağımlılığı arasında da negatif yönlü anlamlı ilişkiler tespit edilmiştir.
Abstract (2. Language): 
Outsourcing is handing over the whole or part of activities outside the core capabilities of organizations by an agreement to a service provider or supplier which is expert in the field. In other words, outsourcing reflects a choice about whether organizations will perform the activities within themselves or they will get them done by an individual or another organization from outside. Accordance with this selection the basic emphasis of the transaction cost approach is that the organizations are expected to organize the lowest-cost during the process of exchanging the produced goods and/or services with individuals or organizations. Resource dependency approach foresees that organizations cannot survive alone and an organization will necessarily enter into a relationship with the environment for the purchase oflabor, raw materials or equipment. In this context, resource dependency approach indicates that organizational cooperations such as outsourcing are an effective way to manage resource scarcity and uncertainty. In the research, it is aimed to measure the impact of the outsourcing, which appears as a case of extremely critical within today's rapidly changing environmental conditions and brutal competitive conditions on the transaction costs of organizations and resources dependencies, on the businesses operating in Konya Organized Industrial Zone, in Turkey and to detect the relationship between these concepts. Accordingly, resource dependency approach, transaction cost approach and a conceptual framework for the outsourcing are tried to be put forward first, then the findings of the study and the results are given. In the analysis made as a result of obtained data, it comes into the open that the outsourcing has a positive effect on the direction of resource dependency and reducing transaction costs. In addition, a negative and meaningful correlation is found between the transaction cost and the resource dependence.

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DOI: 
http://dx.doi.org/10.9761/JASSS1349

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