Article Title (2.Language):
Experiment Mars: Contemporary German Literature, Imaginative ethnoscapes, and the New Futurism
Cultural and ethnic communities are often presumed to cohere in shared remembrances of shared pasts. Yet what would it mean to conceive of ethnoscapes predicated, not on tradition and heritage, but on fictional futures instead? When Arjun Appadurai coined the term „ethnoscape“, he defined it – in contradistinction to conventional notions of ethnicity – as „the landscape of persons who constitute the shifting world in which we live“ (Modernity at Large, 1996). How do our many intersecting worlds shift as we turn to the future, and what productive role does the literary imagination play in this process of rupture and renewal? This article explores literary landscapes of historical violence, cultural fragmentation, and some surprising approaches to the ties that bind on a fictional place called „Mars“. Discussion focuses on experimental German prose by Alexander Kluge, better known internationally for his pivotal contributions to New German Cinema, and a poetic homage to 20th-century Futurism by Zafer Şenocak and Berkan Karpat, two multifaceted artists who signal a Turkish- German avant-garde of a different sort in Europe today. The author argues that Kluge‟s Lernprozesse mit tödlichem Ausgang (1973/2000) concerns the production of possible (but not necessarily just) futures by literary means, while Şenocak and Karpat‟s nâzım hikmet. auf dem schiff zum mars (1998) re-works the concept of ethnicity in the new Europe, in which Turkish histories also circulate.